Histori ea likarete tsa khale

Ho amoheloa ka kakaretso hore likarete tsa ho bapala li ne li e qapiloeng China nakong ea Lesika la Tang (c. 618-906). Mofumahali Tongchang o ne a lokela ho bapala "papali ea makhasi," eo mohlomong e neng e le papali ea pampiri ea taese, ho fapana le papali ea karete ea kajeno. E se e le ka 821-824, moemphera ea busang Muzong o ne a tla kopanya likarete le ho li bapala ... Nakong ea Puso ea Lipina (960–1279), ho qaptjoa ha likarete tsa ho bapala ho ile ha tsamaisana le ho qaleha ha lipampiri, tse ileng tsa nkela sebaka sa meqolo e telele e neng e sebelisoa pele e neng e aba likarete tsa ho bapala ho pholletsa le sechaba.

Likarete tsa khale tsa chelete tsa Machaena, joalo ka tsa sejoale-joale, li ne li e-na le lisutu tse 'ne:

  • chelete ea tšepe
  • liketane tsa lichelete tsa tšepe (li shebahala joaloka lithupa lifotong)
  • limiriade (lichelete tsa tšepe kapa liropo)
  • mashome a miriads (miriade e lekana le 10).

Mmala o mong le o mong o na le ideogram le nomoro ea oona. Bafuputsi ba bangata ba lumela hore lipapaling tsa khale tsa Chaena, chelete ea pampiri e neng e sebelisoa papaling ea chelete le khoebong e ne e phetha karolo ea likarete.

Hoo e ka bang lekholong la leshome le metso e mene la lilemo, tloaelo ea ho bapala likarete e ile ea tla Europe, mohlomong ho tsoa Egepeta kapa Middle East ... Qetellong ea lekholo la bo14 la lilemo, tloaelo ea ho bapala likarete e ile ea ata ho pholletsa le Europe. Qalong, liposkarete li ne li tura haholo kaha li ne li etsoa le ho khabisoa ka letsoho. Ho tloha hoo e ka bang ka 1418, baetsi ba likarete Nuremberg le Augustburg ba ile ba qala ho hlahisa liteishene tsa pele tse hatisitsoeng.

Likarete tsa rona tsa khale

Li-postcard tsa pele li ka 'na tsa tla naheng ea rona ho tsoa Jeremane - li ile tsa hlaha metseng ea rona lekholong la bo15 la lilemo,' me tlhahiso ea malapeng e ile ea qala kapele.

Ho tloha lekholong la bo18 la lilemo, likarete tsa mofuta oa Sefora (li-spades, lipelo, litaemane, lihlopha) le lebitso la mabitso le amohetsoeng ho tloha moo butle-butle li ile tsa qala ho busa, ha likarete tsa "setso" li ile tsa lahleheloa ke botumo ho pholletsa le lekholo la bo19 la lilemo. Hajoale, sampole ena (32 decks) e bapaloa skata ho Silesia.

Likarete tsa setso tsa Poland li ne li thehiloe ho latela mohlala oa Sejeremane - ke hore, matšoao a tšoanang a ne a sebelisoa: veine, khubelu, acorn le tšepe. Linomoro li ne li boetse li tšoana:

  • Ace (molekane oa eona ka mongolo oa Sefora ke ace)
  • Kralka (molekane oa hae oa Fora o lilemo li leshome)
  • E phahameng (molekane oa eona oa Fora ke mofumahali)
  • Nizhnik (molekane oa eona ka mongolo oa Sefora ke jack)

U ntse u hlahloba: Matšoao a Likarete tsa ho Bapala tsa khale

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